Mifflin to His Slaves - Manumission - 4 August 1775 - Transcribed by Gail M. Walczyk
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To all Whom this may concern Know that I Daniel Mifflin of accomack County in the colony of Virginia Farmer Being convinced of the Enquity and in justice of detaining my fellow Creatures in bondage it being contrary to the Standing and Perpetual command Enjoyed by our blessed Lord to his followers to do unto to others as we would the should do by us and also further be living that believing that after such manifestation & conviction made known the continueing in violation there of will incur his displeasure and debar me of the Enjoyment of the peace promised to his faithfull followers & Therefore believing it to be my indispensable duly in Obedience to his requireing & Command as aforesaid to grant to them their natural Just & Inherent Right & Priviledge the Liberty of their Persons which they are entitled to by Nature under the Consideration and Conviction afsd I do hereby Manumit and Set absolutely free from a State of slavery and Unnatural Bondage the following Particularily named Negroes To Witt James a young man nineteen years of age Charity woman Born the 22th day 7 mo 1730 & her Child Hannah in the firs Month 1775 The Children of Negroe Woman named Sophia To wit Hannah a Girl born in the 2 mo 1762 Boy Ben Born in the 11 mo of 1766 Girl Rhoda in the Spring of 1768 Girl Betty Born in Spring 1769 Boy Fisher born [Blank] Boy Ned born [Blank] Girl Peggy born [Blank] The Children of Negroe woman Phebe to wit boy Sam Born the twenty eighth Day of 11 mo 1769 Boy Jacob born in the 10 mo 1771 & the Child of Rachael Nergroe woman named Nanny born in the 3 mo 1775 The Children of Negroe Woman named Esther To wit Girl Rhoda the 23th day of 7 mo 1750 & boy Ben born the 12 mo 1760 the Children of Negroe woman Named Patience To wit Tabitha a Girl born the 7th Day of 7 mo 1763 Girl Rebecca born the 18 day of 4 mo 1765 Boy Jonathan born in the 12 mo 1769 boy Abel born the 20th Day of the 10 mo 1773 & boy Stephen born the first day of 1 mo 1775.
The Children of Negroe woman named Judea To wit Boy York born in the 5 mo 1760 Girl Esther born in the 10 mo 1776 boy Moses born the 29th day of the Eight month 1772 Girl Leah born in the 10 mo 1774 the Children of Negroe woman Called Dublin Leah to wit Girl Betty born the 23th day of the 7 mo 1765 Girl Patience born [Blank] Girl Judea born [Blank] Girl Candis born [Blank] & Girl Rachel born [Blank]
The children of Negroe Woman Named Peggy (to wit) Barbary Girl born the nineteenth dat of the 4 mo 1762 Girl Judith born the 8th day of the 4 mo 1764 Boy Andrew born the 21th day of the 3 mo 1766 Peggy Girl born [Blank] Boy George born [Blank] Boy Arthur born [Blank] The Children of Negroe woman called Polly (to wit) Girl Dinah Born [Blank] Boy Levin born [Blank] & boy Beniah born [Blank] The Children of Negroe Woman Named Binah (to wit) Girl Nanny born the 10th day of the 1 mo 1756 Girl Comfort born the 5th day of the 8 mo 1762 Boy Daniel born the 19th of the 3 mo 1766 Girl Sal Born [Blank] Boy Littleton born [Blank] & boy Abraham [Blank]
The Children of Negroe woman Named Leah (to wit) Betty Girl born the 1 mo 1760 Boy Abram born the 10th day of 1 mo 1763 Girl Sabrough born the 1sth day of 1765 & boy samson born in the spring 1769 & boy 1 born [Blank] The Children of woman Named Sarah (to wit) boy Daniel born the [Blank] Girl Tamer born The Children of Negroe woman Named Leah (to wit) Betty Girl born the 1 mo 1760 Boy Abram born the 10th day of 1 mo 1763 Girl Sabrough born the 1sth day of 1765 & boy samson born in the spring 1769 & boy Isaac born [Blank] The Children of woman named Sarah boy Daniel born the [Blank]
So that they shall from henceforth be deemed adjudged and Taken as and for free People That is to say the Male to witt Ben fisher Ned Sam Jacob Ben Jonathan Abel Stephen York Moses Andrew George Arthur Jacob Levin Beniah Daniel Robert Littleton Abraham Abram Samson Isaac Daniel & James when they arrive to the age of Twenty one years & the Female To wit Hannah Rhoda Betty Peggy Nanny Rhoda Charity Hannah Tabitha Rebecca Esther Leah Betty Patience Judea Candice Rachel Barbary Judith Peggy Dinah Nanny Comfort Scarborough Sal Betty Saborough & Tamer when they arrive to the age of eighteen Years Then to be at their own disposal and at Liberty to act for themselves and shall be deemed adjudged and Taken as and for free men and women without the Set Hinderance or Molestation of me or any other person or persons whatever and to be at full and free Liberty to appear for themselves and each in their own proper Names as free men & women to vindicate their Liberty Against any person or persons that may attempt to deprive them of the same in any respect and I do hereby also Lay it as a Charge on my Children that none of them attempt by clon of right authorised by any unjust Law Usage or Custom that may Tolerate them in such attempt to deprive them of their Liberty as aforesaid my intention being hereby to set them in the full enjoyment of Freedom believing it to be their right assigned them by the Supream Creator of all in Common with the rest of Mankind hereby also Saying it as a charge on the consciences of the courts or jurys before whome this may be brought that the particularly attend to this Evidence in favour of the poor Negroes Equitable Liberty and also to consider the consequence when a day of final reckoning overtakes them if they wrongfully oppress their fellow men In Witness whereof I do hereunto Set my hand and affix my Seal this Eight Day of the fourth month in the year of our lord one Thousand Seven Hundred & seventy five 1775
Witness present hereunto Warner Mifflin Baptis Lay Walker Mifflin
I do hereby certify that I fully approbate my Husband executing the foregoing Manumission for the freedom of the Negroes therein named witness my hand Anne Mifflin
At a court held in accomack November the 26th 1782 This deed of Manumission was acknowledged by the said Daniel as his act & deed and ordered to be recorded
Littl: Savage Clk Examined
_____. Accomack County Virginia Deeds 1777-1783, p. 335, 336.