The Slaves of Charles Stockley

THE SLAVES OF CHARLES STOCKLEY

Charles Stockley was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1755. He was the son of two Stockley parents, Nehemiah Stockley the son of Joseph Stockley and his 1st wife, Elizabeth "Betty" Stockley the daughter of Charles Stockley. He was named in his grandfather's will written 14 September 1764 and proved 30 Oct. 1764 reads: "To wife Ann Stockly 1 silver spoon marked S.E.A. &c. Daughter Betty Stockly. Granddaughter Comfort Stockly. Grandson William Stockly. Grandson Charles Stockly. To daughter Ann Stockly plantation where I live & 100 acres purchased of Nathaniel Shay & William Barker, & for want of heir to Charles Stockly. Grandson Eyrs Stockly. Son in law Nehemiah Stockly. To Joseph Tunnell. Son in law Alexander Stockly, Grandson Joseph Stockly. To Elizabeth Lombard, daughter of Samuel Lombard. Daughters Ann & Betty Stockly residual legatees. Wife Ann, Nehemiah Stockly, Alexander Stockly, Littleton Dennis & Southy Simpson Exrs. Witt: Joseph Stockley, William Hutson, Hannah Benston." Nottingham, Stratton. Wills and Administrations of Accomack County, Virginia 1663-1800. Bowie MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1990, p 220.

NOTE: The above mentioned son-in-law Nehemiah Stockley was the husband of Charles' daughter Elizabeth "Betty." The son-in-law Alexander Stockley was the husband of Ann Stockley, Charles' daughter.

Charles was named in his father's will written on 10 May 1778 and proved on 22 July 1778. It reads: "Land to be divided beginning at Sacker Parker's line on the Road leading from Assawaman Church to Mrs Holden's &c., son Airs Stockly to have his first choice of said land & I give my other part of the land to my son William Stockly. If my son Charles Stockly had rather have the land given Airs Stockly than his water grist mill, then he is to have it, provided he make over the said mill to my son Airs. To wife pewter, &c. for life, reversion to my daughter Tabitha Stockly. Bal. of pewter to my wife (no name) & 5 children, Charles, Comfort, Airs, Tabitha & William Stockly. Wife & son Charles Exrs. Witt: Alexander Stockly, Hannah Blake. In order of probate: Ann Stockly, the executrix named in the foregoing will, qualified. NOTE: The four children Comfort, Airs, Tabitha and William were the children of Nehemiah's 2nd wife." Nottingham, Stratton. Wills and Administrations of Accomack County, Virginia 1663-1800. Bowie MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1990, p 310. A water grist mill was mentioned in the above will. Charles had inherited "Makemie Mill" southeast of Guilford, in Accomack Co., VA from his grandfather Charles. Whitelaw [A140]. (Whitelaw, Ralph T., Virginia's Eastern Shore, p 1233).

Charles Stockley fought in the Revolutionary War. He was named Colonel when his estate was inventoried and audited. NOTE: See his will, inventory and audit below.

Charles appears on the Personal Property Tax List for the year 1787 in Accomack County This tax list notes "1white male above 16 and under 21, 12 Blacks above 16, 11 Blacks under 16, 7 Horses, mares cattle & mules, 32 cattle." Yantis-Schreiner, Netti & Love, Florence. The personal Property Tax Lists for the Year 1787 for Accomack County, Virginia. Springfield VA: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987, p 86.

Sometime before 1800 Charles Stockley started to emancipate his slaves. In 1800 he was noted as owning 6 slaves. Charles was listed as the head of a family on the 1800 Census in Accomack Co., VA (Powell, Jody, Accomac Censuses 1800, 1810, 1820, p 42). On page 22 of the census it reads: "Stockley, Charles (Colo.) 2 males 0-10, 1 male 10-16, 2 males 16-26, 2 males 26-45, 2 females 0-10, 1 female 10-16, 2 females 16-26, 1 female 26-45, 10 Fee Negroes, 6 slaves." Also listed on the same census is Stockley, Hanah (Colo.) Free Negro.

Some of the slaves that were freed were noted in a book of indentures. An Indenture was the entering into a contract binding one person to labor for another and learn a specified trade during a specific period of time. Those noted were: Walczyk, Gail M., Accomack County Indentures, (Coram NY: Peter's Row 2002.) 
April 1801 -- An Indenture made between the Overseers of the Poor and Thos Allen to carry out an order made in County Court dated 27 April 1801 to bind a Negro boy named Peter orphan of Susannah freed by C. Stockley until the age of twenty one, unto Thos Allen who will provide sufficient Meat, Drink, Washing, Lodging, and Wearing Apparel, teach him reading, writing and arithmetic, the trade of a Cooper and also pay him Twelve Dollars at the expiration of the said time. 
31 October 1803 -- An Indenture made between the Overseers of the Poor and Polley Dillastatius to carry out an order made in County Court 31 October 1803 to bind Cyrus son of Juda freed by Charles Stockly until the age of twenty one, unto Polley Dillastatius who will provide sufficient Meat, Drink, Washing, Lodging, and Wearing Apparel, teach him reading, writing and arithmetic, the trade of a Farmer and also pay him Twelve Dollars at the expiration of the said time. Walczyk, Gail M., Accomack County Indentures, (Coram NY: Peter's Row 2002). 

Others were freed when he wrote his will. Charles Stockley wrote his will on 16 March 1805. It was proved 30 April 1805. The will reads: "Friends Thomas Evans & Edmund Bayly Extrs. To daughter Eliza A. Stockley . . . & also items bought of Mary Stockley silverware marked "C. M. S." & the time of service yet to expire of Levin & Lesie, children of Leah, Levin age 19 & Lesie age 14, both of them to b free at age 21. To son Nehemiah . . . & the time of service yet to expire of Ezekiel of Betty & Occraw of Nell, Ezekiel 18 years & Occraw 14 years, both to be free at age 21 & also 1/3 part of land in Kentucky & in the Northwest Territory. I Have 3,011 acres in Kentucky & 200 acres in the Northwest Territory, the former quantity was a gratuity from the sate of Virginia & the later from Congress for military service, but Robert Pollard of the city of Richmond is entitled to 1/3 part of that in Kentucky under a contract I made with him in the year of 1796, which is in my possession & also . . . To daughter Anne B. Stockley items marked "A. S." which was her mama's & others marked E. T. R. & A. A. G. Also the time of service that is yet to expire of George & Candis, each about 10 years. To son Charles Stockley . . . & also 1/3 part of the land in Kentucky & Northwest Territory & the time of service to expire of Ezekiel of Leah & Nicey of Leah, who are about 10 years old. To daughter Harriet a silver spoon ladle marked "S." which & . . . To son Ayres Stockley my houses & lot adjoining the land on which the poorhouse stands & also 1/3 of the land in Kentucky & the Northwest Territory, equal to what I have given to Nehemiah & Charles. Hire Ezekiel & Esther by the year for the space of 14 years for the 1 January next for the benefit of my 2 younger children Harriet & Ayres & then to be fee & . . . Henry the son of Esther & other children of Esther in any to my children Harriet & Ayres. . .The plantation I bought of the heirs of Daniel Mifflin & other of my property shall be sold & divided 1/2 to son Nehemiah, Daughter Anne & son Charles 2/5 of the other1/2 to daughter Harriet & the remainder 3/5 to son Ayres & if one dies their part to the survivors. In case of the death of Nehemiah Anne or Charles before they arrive at lawful age, then their part to the two survivors. Thomas Evans & Edmund Bayly guardians to my 3 children Charles Harriet & Ayres until they arrive to age 14. Witt: Fenwick Fisher & John Teackle Jr. Probate John Teackle Sr., William Seymour & Richard D. Bayly securities on the £15,000 bond." Miles, Moody K. and Barry W.. Acomack Co. Va, Wills & Administrations 1800-1860. Bowie MD: Heritage Books Inc., 2000 p 508.

On 17 April 1805 his estate was inventoried. It reads: "Thomas Evans Sr. Extr. Negro boys Levin, Ezekiel & Occrow to serve until 21. Article devised to Anne B. Stockley, Charles & Harriet. Appraisers George P. Bagwell, Archibald Barnes, George Bundick & Parker Barnes. Named in the settlement: Mrs Mary Stockley ., James Jones Island. Auditors John Burton, B. Warton & William E. West." There were sales on 3 & 4 1805 & 10 October 1805. It was ordered to be audited on 30 December 1816 and audited on 24 January 1817. This audit was returned 28 July 1817. Miles, Moody K. and Barry W.. Acomack Co. Va, Wills & Administrations 1800-1860. Bowie MD: Heritage Books Inc., 2000 p 508.

A second audit was taken 6 July 1811 and Recorded 27 February 1815. It reads: Edmund Bayly is one of the Extr. Cash paid Negro Patience Bundick her account. Miss Anne B. Stockley a bond from 5 May 1805 to 1 January 1806 at 40 p per month. Cash paid William R. Custis for boarding Miss Harriet Stockley. Cash paid Mrs. Stockley, widow of Ayres & Eliza Stockley, now Mrs. Holmes, for board. By amount of sales at Pharsalia. Auditors John Wise & Thomas Cropper. Miles, Moody K. and Barry W.. Acomack Co. Va, Wills & Administrations 1800-1860. Bowie MD: Heritage Books Inc., 2000 p 509.

Charles Stockley married Margaret Allen on 29 June 1784. John Burton gave security. (Turman, Nora Miller. Marriage Records of Accomack County, Virginia 1776-1854, Recorded in Bonds, Licenses and Ministers' Returns. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1994, p 273.) Margaret died circa 1786. Charles married 2nd Mary. The date of this marriage and her surname are unknown.

Charles Stockley and Margaret Allen had the following children:

1. Eliza A. Stockley born circa 1781.
2. Nehemiah Stockley born circa 1783.
3. Anne B. Stockley born circa 1785.

Charles and Mary Stockley had the following children:

4. Charles T. Stockley born circa 1790.
5. Harriet Stockley born circa 1793.
6. Ayres Stockley born circa 1795.

© Copyright 2005-2012 by Gail M. Walczyk