Descendants of OCHER "Arthur" BRINNEY - by Gail Walczyk

OCHER "Arthur" BRINNEY

OCHER (Orra, Ochre, Occraw) "Arthur" Brinney
Son of Nell Who Was Slave of Charles Stockley
Ca. 1790 - [1860-1870]
Free in 1812
Researched and prepared by Gail M. Walczyk, October, 2004


1. Ocher "Arthur"1 Brinney, son of Nell, Slave of Charles Stockley, was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1790. He died between 1860 and 1870.

He married Peggy, in Accomack Co., VA. He was freed from slavery in Accomack Co., VA, in 1812. Ocher is mentioned in the will of Charles Stockley written 16 December 1805. The will reads in part: . . . The Will of Charles Stockley reads: ".....To son Nehemiah ....& the time of service of Ezekiel of Betty & Occraw of Nell, Ezekiel age 18 years & Occraw age 14 years both to be free at age 21.... Ezekiel 18 years and Occraw 14 Years both to be free at age 21." He was listed as Ocher Negro on the 1812 Procession in Assawoman. (He would have been 21.) In the 1816 Assawoman Procession he was listed as Ochre Brinney, Negro.

Peggy was listed in the 1850 census as "Harriet Brinney age 56. (One of the daughters of Acher and Peggy was named Harriet.) In the 1860 Census Peggy Brinney is listed in Household #1249 Family as age 64. Peggy died between 1860 & 1870.

In the 1830 Census three Arthur Brinnys are listed: Arthur Brinny Free Negro, Arthur Brinney Junior Free Negro and Arthur Brinny Senior, Free Negro.

Ocher was listed as the head of a family on the 1850 Census in Accomack Co., VA . The census reads: "Brinney, Orra, Laborer, $400.00, B/m, 59 born in Virginia. Brinney Harriet, 56, B/f born in Virginia. Brinney Maria 14 B/f, born in Virginia. Brinney, Orra, 18, B/m. born in Virginia." The 1860 Census reads: "Household 1249 Family 1245 Arthur Brinney 69 B, Farming, Arthur Jr. 18 B, Maria Brinney 22 B, Peggy 64 B." 

NOTE: The 1860 Census also lists Household #1303 Family 1229 Arthur Brinney 61 Oysterman. Louisa Brinney 55. Peter Ewell 35. Arthur Bring* 63. William Bring* 21. Mary Bring* 14. Samuel Bring* 11. John Ewell 11. Ann Bring* 9. Wesley Ewell 6. 

*Spelling "Bring" as transcribed by Crowson and Crowson.

Ocher "Arthur" and Peggy Brinney Senior had the following children:

2 i. Elizabeth2 Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1821. Elizabeth was listed as a household
member living with Edward Brinney in the 1860 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: "Edwd
 Brinney, 34 B/m, Elizabeth Brinney 34 B/f, Elizabeth Brinney B/f 37, Julia A.Brinney B/f 13, Wm Brinney
B/m 11, James R.Brinney B/m 9, Joseph Brinney B/m 5, John Brinney B/m 1."

Elizabeth was unmarried, in 1860.she was living in Edward Brinney's household.

3 ii. Charlotte Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1823 . She married Aaron Cropper in
Accomack Co., VA, on 1 November 1868 . The marriage record reads: "Cropper, Aaron 60 S Farmer,
to Charlotte 55, Brinney d/o Ocker on 1 November 1868, by S.Marshall." 

Aaron Cropper was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1808.

+ 4 iii. Edward Brinney was born circa 1825.

5 iv. Leah Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1828. Leah died on 25 March 1888 in
Accomack Co., VA, at 59 years of age . The death register reads: "Godwin, Leah, c/f, 25 Mar 1888
in Accomack Parish, cancer, 60yrs, c/o Brinney, Ocre & Brinney, Peggie, born in ACC, housekeeper,
married, Godwin, Jacob, Husband, g/info." She married Jacob Godwin in Accomack Co., VA, circa 1846. 

Jacob Godwin was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1825.

6 v. Harriet Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1831. Harriet was listed as the head of a
family on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: BH183 Family 202 Brinney, Harriet
39, B/f, keeps house, real estate $500.00, presonal property $200.00. Brinney, William, 22, M/mu, oysterman.
Brinney, Maria, 31, F/mu, domestic servant. Walker, Caroline, 5, F/mu. Miller, Alford, 5, M/b." 

Harriet was listed as a neighbor of John Ewell on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. Harriet was unmarried.
On 15 March 1896 she gave the information on the death of Edward Brinney's son Joseph.

7 vi. Ocher "Arthur" Brinney Junior was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1832. Ocher was discharged
from the United States Army 17 May 1866. The 1890 Special Schedule reads: "Brinney, Arthur, Dist Of
Islands, HH#90 FLY#94, Private, Co.D 10th U.S.Colored Infantry, discharged 17 May 1866, Chincoteague, VA." 

+ 8 vii. Maria Brinney was born circa 1844

Ocher "Arthur" Brinney Senr had the following children:


SECOND GENERATION

3. Edward2 Brinney (Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1825.  He married Elizabeth George in Accomack Co., VA, on 20 June 1880 . The marriage record reads: "Brinney, Edward Col.S., Oysterman, 55, Acc, Acc, s/o Ocker & Peggy, to Elizabeth George, 50 S, Acc, Acc, at Chingoteague Island, by J.C. Cluff."

Elizabeth was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1830. Elizabeth was listed as a household member living with Edward Brinney in the 1860 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: "Edwd Brinney, 34 B/m, Elizabeth Brinney 34 B/f, Elizabeth Brinney B/f 37, Julia A.Brinney B/f 13, Wm Brinney B/m 11, James R.Brinney B/m 9, Joseph Brinney B/m 5, John Brinney B/m 1."

The 1850 Census reads: "Brinney, Edward, laborer, 22, B/m, bon in Virginia.Brinney, Elizabeth 20, B/f, born in Virginia.Brinney, Julia A.3 B/f, born in Virginia.Brinney, William 1, B/m, Born in Virginia."

Edward was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: "Edwd Brinney, 34 B/m, Elizabeth Brinney 34 B/f, Elizabeth Brinney B/f 37, Julia A.Brinney B/f 13, Wm Brinney B/m 11, James R.Brinney B/m 9, Joseph Brinney B/m 5, John Brinney B/m 1."

Edward was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: BH184 Family 205 Brinney, Edward, 42, M/b, oystrman, real estate $200.00 Personal Property $100.00, Brinney, Elizabeth, 40, F/b, keeps house, Brinney, Joseph, 18.M/b, Brinney,John, 15, M/b, Brinney, Alford, 12, M/b, Brinney, Achen, 5, Mb."

Edward Brinney and Elizabeth George had the following children:

+ 10 i. Julia A.3 Brinney was born circa 1847

+ 11 ii. William Brinney was born circa 1849

+ 12 iii. James E.Brinney was born circa 1851

13 iv. Joseph Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1853. Joseph died
15 March 1896 in Accomack Co., VA. The Death Register reads: "Brinney, Jos.,
c/m, 15 Mar 1896 on Chincoteague, unknown, 43 yrs, c/o Brinney, Edw.& Brinney,
Lizzie, born oysterman, Brinney, Harriet. Auntg/info. He married Charlotte Taylor of
Sallie in Accomack Co., VA, on 31 December 1882. The marriage record reads:
"Brinney, Joseph Col 28 S., Oysterman, Acc Chingoteague Island, s/o Edward &
Elizth, to Charlotte Taylor Col, 18 d/o Sallie on 31 December 1882, at Chingoteague, by J.C.Cluff."

Charlotte was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1864.

Joseph was listed as a household member living with Edward Brinney in the 1860 Census
in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: "Edwd Brinney, 34 B/m, Elizabeth Brinney 34
B/f, Elizabeth Brinney B/f 37, Julia A.Brinney B/f 13, Wm Brinney B/m 11, James R.
Brinney B/m 9, Joseph Brinney B/m 5, John Brinney B/m 1."

14 v. John Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1859. He married Mary Ewell
of Elizabeth, in Accomack Co., VA, on 8 March 1880. The marriage record reads:
"Brinney, John, Col 22 S, Acc Acc, s/o Edward to Mary Ewell Col 33 S, Acc Acc,
d/o Elizabeth, on 8 March 1880, at Chingoteague by J.C. Cluff." 

Mary was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1847.

15 vi. Ocher Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1865.

+ 16 vii. Alfred Brinney was born circa 1868

7. Maria2 Brinney (Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1844. She
married James Whealton in Accomack Co., VA, on 7 May 1872 . the marriage record
reads: "Whealton, James Col 24 S, Oysterman, Chingoteague Island, s/o Samuel Aydellotte
& Amelia Whealton to Maria Brinney Col 28 S., Chnagoteague Island, d/o Ocker & Peggy
on 7 May 1872 at Chingoteague Island by P Bowdoin Sr."

James Whealton was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1848.

Conflicting evidence states that Maria was born in Accomack Co., VA, circa 1836.
Maria was listed as a household member living with Harriet Brinney on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA.

Maria Brinney and James Whealton had the following children:

17 i. Male3 Whealton was born in Accomack Co., VA on 7 April 1876 . The Birth
Register reads: "Whealton, None, b/m, 4/7/1976, Dist.#1, Whealton, James, Oysterman,
Accomac, Whealton, Maria, Whealton, Maria, Mother g/info.

18 ii. Joseph Whealton was born in Accomack Co., VA on 15 October 1877. The birth
Register reads: "Whealton, Joseph, b/m, 10/15/1977, Acc.Dist., Whealton, James, Oysterman,
Acc., Whealton, Maria, Whealton, Jas., Father g/info."

19 iii. Female Whealton was born in Accomack Co., VA on 18 October 1879. The Birth Register reads: "Whealton, None, b/f, born dead, 10/18/1979, Acc.Dist., Whealton, James, Oysterman, Acc., Whealton, Ann Maria, Whealton, Ann M., Mother g/info.

THIRD GENERATION

10. Julia A.3 Brinney, (Edward2, Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1847. 
She married Arthur Miller, in Accomack Co., VA, on 17 December 1866 . The marriage record
reads: "Arthur Miller 23, S.Oysterman, s/o Jacob to Juliet Brinney d/o of Edward & Elizabeth,
18, S., Acc Acc by P.Bowdoin Senr."

Arthur was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1832. Julia was listed as the head of a family on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: Miller, Julia A., 23, F/b, domestic servant. Miller, William, 1, M/mu .

Julia was listed as a neighbor of John Ewell on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. The census reads: Ewell, John, 22, Mmu, oysterman. Brinney, James S., 19, M/b, oysterman. Brinney, William, 1, M/mu.  Wharton,George, 28, Mb, oysterman 

Julia A.Brinney, and Arthur Miller, had the following children:

20 i. Alfred4 Miller was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1865. Alfred was listed
as a household member living with Harriet Brinney on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA.

21 ii. William Miller was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1869. William was listed
as a household member living with Julia A.Brinney on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA.

11. William3 Brinney, (Edward2, Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1849. William was listed as a household member living with Harriet Brinney on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA. He married Jane circa 1875.

William and Jane Brinney had the following children:

22 i. Maggie4 Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA 17 January 1875. The
Birth Register reads: "Brinney, Maggie, b/f, a, 1/17/1975, Acc.Parish, Brinney,
William, Oysterman, Accomac, Brinney, Elizabeth, Brinney, Wm., Father." She
married Samuel H.Wise of Lamuel, in Accomack Co., VA, on 30 March 1893.
The marriage record reads: "Wise, Samuel H., Col, 31 S., Laborer, Born in
Worcester Co., living in Acc, s/o Lamuel & Maggie Brinney, Col.17 S.d/o of
William & Jane, on 31 March 1893 at Chingoteague, by R.B. Sanford." 

Samuel was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1862.

23 ii. Harriet Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA on 15 September 1878.
The birth Register reads: "Brinney, Harriet, b/f, 9/15/1978, Acc.Dist., Acc.,
Brinney, Harriet, Brinney, Wm., Father g/info.

24 iii. Isabelle Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA 8 September 1886.
The birth register reads: "Brinney, Isabelle, b/f, 9/8/1886, Acc, Brinney, c/o Wm.,
Oysterman, Acc, Brinney, Jane, Brinney, Edwd, Grandfather g'info."

12. James E.3 Brinney (Edward2, Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1851. He married Priscilla Riley in Accomack Co., VA, on 30 March 1884. The marriage record reads: Brinney James E, Col, 26, S, Laborer, s/o Edwd & Elizzia, to Priscilla Riley, Col 20, S, d/o Parker & May E., on 30 March 1884, at Acc, by J.H.B. Hubbard." 
.
James E. and Prisilla Brinney had the following children:

25 i. William4 Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1869. William
was listed as a household member living with John Ewell on the 1870 Census in Accomack Co., VA.

26 ii. Mary Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA in 1887. Mary died
1 January 1888 in Accomack Co., VA, at less than one year of age. The
death Register reads: "Brinney, Mary E., c/f, 1 Jan 1888 in Accomack Parish,
unknown, 3 mo, c/o Brinney, Jas. & Brinney, Mary?, born in ACC, unmarried, Mother g/info.

27 iii. Female Brinney was born on 31 October 1888. The birth register
 reads: "Brinney, None, b/f,, 10/31/1888, born in Acc., Brinney, James E.,
Laborer, living in Acc., Brinney, Mary P., Brinney, Mary P., Mother g/info.

16. Alfred3 Brinney (Edward2, Ocher "Arthur"1) was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1868. He married Mary M. Hudson in Accomack Co., VA, on 20 June 1880. The marriage record reads: "Brinney, Alfred, Col 23, Oysterman, Acc Acc, s/o Edward & Elizbh, to Mary M. Hudson of Mary, Col 18, Acc Acc, on 5 February 1888, at Chingoteague by S.U. Grimsley."

Mary was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1870.

Alfred Brinney and Mary M. Hudson had the following child:

28 i. Male4 Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA in 1892. He died on
10 February 1892 in Accomack Co., VA, at less than one year of age. The
death Register reads: "Brinney, None, c/m, 10 Feb 1892 in Islands Dist., unknown,
not listed, c/o Brinney, Alfred, born in ACC, Cropper, Wm. F.R., Undertaker g/info."

NOTE: In the 1830 Census three Arthur Brinnys are listed: Arthur Brinny Free Negro, Arthur Brinney Junior Free Negro and Arthur Brinny Senior, Free Negro. Besides the above, "Household 1249 Family 1245 Arthur Binney 69 Farming, Arthur Jr. 18. Maria Brinney 22, Peggy 64," the 1860 Census also lists Household #1303 Family 1229 Arthur Brinney 61 Oysterman. Louisa Brinney 55. Peter Ewell 35. Arthur Bring? 63. William Bring? 21. Mary Bring? 14. Samuel Bring? 11. John Ewell 11. Ann Bring 9. Wesley Ewell. 6.

Wesley Brinney was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1833. He married Jane Ward of Noah, in Accomack Co., VA, on 15 October 1855. The marriage record reads: "Brinney, Wesley, S, 22, FN, Mariner, born in Chingoteague s/o Arthur & Louisa to Jane Ward FN, 22, S., d/o Noah and Keziah, on 15 October 1855 on Chingoteague Island by W.P. Thornton, John Thornton say both over 21."

Jane was born in Accomack Co., VA circa 1833.

Bibliography

Crowson, E. Thomas and Hite, Susan Crowson, Accomack County, Virginia 1860.
        Bowie MD: Heritage Books Inc. 1987.

Miles, Barry W., & Miles, Moody K. III, Marriage Records of Accomack Virginia 1854-1895.
        Bowie MD: Heritage Books, Inc. 1997.

Miles, Barry W., & Miles, Moody K. III, Abstracts of the Wills and Administrations of Accomack County, Virginia 1800-1860.
        Bowie MD: Heritage Books, Inc.2000.

Powell, Jody. Accomac County Virginia 1830 Census. Roanoke TX: Jody Powell, 1991.

Scherzinger, Patricia. Accomack County Virginia 1850 Census. Bowie MD: Heritage Books, Inc., 1988

Walczyk, Gail M. Accomack County Birth Register1853-1896 Vol. I 1853-1876. Coram NY: Peter's Row, 2000.

Walczyk, Gail M. Accomack County Birth RegisterVol. II, 1877-1886. Coram NY: Peter's Row, 2000. 

Walczyk, Gail M. Accomack County Birth Register Vol. III 1886-1896. Coram NY: Peter's Row, 2000.

Walczyk, Gail M. The Accomack County Death Register 1853-1896. Coram, NY: Peter's Row,1999.

Walczyk, Gail M. The Accomack County 1870 Census Part I, Accomack Parish, Coram NY: Peter's Row, 2001.

NOTE: Marriages
After the Civil War, freed black slaves often made their bond to each other official, sometimes recording their marriages years later after their commitment to one another. 

© Copyright 2005-2009 by Gail M. Walczyk